Can Rabbits Eat Kale? [Serving, Risks & More]

can rabbits eat kale

Kale is a leafy green vegetable that belongs to the Brassica family, which includes vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts. It is known for its dark green or purple leaves and is highly nutritious.

They are rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals such as calcium, potassium, and iron. It also contains antioxidants and fiber, making it a healthy vegetable!

But can rabbits eat them too?

Yes! Rabbits can indeed eat kale, but it should be given to them in moderation. Kale is high in calcium and oxalates, which can cause health issues in rabbits if consumed in large amounts. Feeding small quantities of kale as an occasional treat is generally safe for rabbits. 

Now, let’s find out more about kale and how it can be beneficial to your rabbits.

Can Rabbits Eat Kale?

So, when it comes to rabbits, they can actually eat kale! kale is a leafy green vegetable that’s full of nutrients, and rabbits can enjoy it as part of their diet.

Rabbits are herbivores, which means they eat plants and veggies. Kale is safe and healthy for them in moderation. 

It’s important to remember that rabbits have delicate digestive systems, so it’s best to introduce new foods slowly and in small amounts.

Kale is packed with vitamins and minerals that can be good for rabbits. It’s rich in vitamin A, which is good for their eyes and immune system. It also contains vitamin K, which helps with blood clotting. Plus, kale has fiber, which is important for their digestion.

However, even though kale is safe for rabbits, it’s important not to give them too much of it. Too many leafy greens, including kale, can sometimes cause digestive problems for rabbits. 

So, it’s best to offer kale as a treat or mix it with other veggies in their diet.

Is Kale Nutritionally Beneficial for Rabbits?

Yes, kale is indeed nutritionally beneficial for rabbits!

 It contains several important vitamins and minerals that can contribute to their overall health. 

A typical serving of kale contains:

  • Calories: 33 calories
  • Carbohydrates: 6 grams
  • Fiber: 1 gram
  • Protein: 3 grams
  • Fat: 0 grams

Other health benefits of kale may include:

Antioxidants: Kale contains antioxidants, such as beta-carotene and lutein. These compounds help protect cells from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals.

Hydration: Kale has a high water content, which can contribute to keeping your rabbit hydrated. Hydration is essential for maintaining overall health and proper organ function.

Weight Management: Kale is low in calories and high in fiber, which can help rabbits maintain a healthy weight. The fiber in kale promotes a feeling of fullness and aids in proper digestion.

Dental Health: Chewing on kale, with its crunchy texture, can help wear down rabbits’ teeth naturally. This is important because rabbits’ teeth continuously grow, and chewing on fibrous foods like kale helps keep their teeth properly aligned and prevents overgrowth.

Also Read: Can Rabbits Eat Cabbage? [Risks/Benefits]

How Much Kale Can Rabbits Eat?

While kale is safe for rabbits to eat, it should be given in moderation.

As a general guideline, rabbits can have about one to two cups of fresh vegetables per day, including kale. But here’s the catch: the amount of kale they can eat depends on their size, age, and overall health.

How Much Kale Can Rabbits Eat

Let’s say a small bunny can eat around one cup of fresh vegetables per day. In that case, you could give them a small handful of kale, along with other veggies, as part of their daily meal.

It’s also important to keep an eye on your rabbit’s digestion. If you notice any changes in their poops or if they seem to have an upset tummy, you might want to reduce the amount of kale or any other new food you’ve introduced.

Potential Risks of Feeding Kale to Rabbits

While kale can be a healthy part of a rabbit’s diet, there are a few potential risks to be aware of when feeding it to them.

Here are some:

Digestive Issues: 

Rabbits have sensitive tummies, and too much kale can sometimes cause digestive problems like gas, bloating, or diarrhea. 

That’s why it’s important to offer kale in moderation and gradually introduce it into their diet.

Calcium Oxalate: 

Kale contains a substance called calcium oxalate. In large amounts, it can be hard for rabbits to digest. 

This might lead to issues with their urinary system, like the formation of bladder or kidney stones. 

To prevent this, it’s best to feed kale along with other veggies and not overdo it.

Thyroid Interference: 

Kale is high in a compound called goitrogens. These compounds can interfere with the function of the thyroid gland in large quantities. 

While small amounts of kale are generally safe, it’s essential not to feed too much of it to your rabbit to avoid any thyroid-related issues.

However, I highly recommend you to consult a vet if you have any doubts or concerns about kale or any other vegetable.

Can Kale Cause Digestive Issues in Rabbits?

Yes, kale can sometimes cause digestive issues in rabbits if given in excessive amounts. 

While kale is generally safe for rabbits to eat, it contains a substance called calcium oxalate, which can be hard for rabbits to digest in large quantities. This can potentially lead to problems like gas, bloating, or diarrhea.

Rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, so it’s important to introduce new foods gradually and in small portions. This allows their digestive system to adjust and prevents any sudden upset.

If you notice any signs of digestive problems after feeding kale, such as changes in their poop or behavior, it’s a good idea to reduce the amount or stop giving it to them temporarily.

Is It Safe to Feed Rabbits Kale Stems, and Leaves?

Yes, it is safe to feed rabbits both the stems and leaves of kale. 

Rabbits can enjoy the entire kale plant, including the crunchy stems and the leafy greens. Both parts are nutritious and can be a healthy addition to their diet.

The kale stems are a bit tougher compared to the leaves, so some rabbits may prefer the leaves more. However, others may happily munch on the stems as well. 

It’s a good idea to offer both parts and see what your rabbit enjoys.

When serving kale, make sure to wash it thoroughly to remove any dirt or pesticides. 

You can offer the leaves and stems fresh or chop them into smaller pieces to make it easier for your rabbit to eat.

What About the Stalk?

What About the Stalk

Yes, rabbits can have the stalks of kale as well! 

The stalks of kale are safe for rabbits to eat, just like the leaves. The stalks are slightly tougher than the leaves, but some rabbits may still enjoy munching on them.

The stalks of kale contain fiber and some nutrients, so they can be a healthy addition to your rabbit’s diet. You can offer the kale stalks along with the leaves, either fresh or chopped into smaller, manageable pieces.

If your rabbit is not accustomed to eating the stalks, it’s a good idea to introduce them gradually to see how your rabbit responds. Some rabbits may prefer the leaves over the stalks, while others may enjoy both equally.

Can Rabbits Eat Frozen Kale?

Rabbits can eat frozen kale, but it’s generally recommended to offer fresh kale instead. 

Freezing kale can affect its texture and nutritional value, but it doesn’t make it toxic or harmful to rabbits.

When vegetables are frozen, they tend to become softer and may lose some of their crispness. Some rabbits may not find frozen kale as appealing as fresh or thawed kale. Additionally, freezing can cause a slight loss of certain nutrients.

If you have frozen kale and want to feed it to your rabbit, first put it into running cool water until it’s defrosted. Once it’s thawed, you can offer it to your rabbit in small pieces.

If your rabbit doesn’t seem interested in or doesn’t tolerate frozen kale well, you may want to stick with fresh kale.

Alternative Leafy Greens That Rabbits Can Eat Instead of Kale

There are several other leafy greens that rabbits can enjoy besides kale. 

Here are a few examples:

Romaine Lettuce: 

Rabbits love munching on romaine lettuce! It’s crisp and tasty. You can give them a few leaves as part of their daily veggie portion.


Spinach is another leafy green that rabbits can eat. It’s full of nutrients like iron and vitamin C. 

However, it’s best to offer spinach in moderation because it contains a substance called oxalic acid, which can sometimes cause tummy troubles if eaten in large amounts.

Swiss Chard: 

This colorful leafy green is safe for rabbits to eat. They can enjoy both the stems and leaves. Swiss chard is packed with vitamins and minerals, making it a healthy choice for your furry friend.

Bok Choy: 

Bok choy is a type of Chinese cabbage that rabbits can nibble on. It has crunchy stalks and tender leaves. 

Just like with other greens, it’s good to offer bok choy in small portions.


Parsley is an herb that rabbits often find delicious. It’s full of flavor and adds variety to their diet. You can give them a few sprigs of parsley as a treat.

Remember, it’s important to introduce new foods gradually and observe your rabbit’s reaction. Some rabbits may have individual preferences or sensitivities to certain greens. 

Final Thoughts

Rabbits can indeed eat kale, but like everything in life, moderation is key. 

Kale can be a tasty and nutritious addition to their diet, but too much of it might lead to some tummy troubles. We don’t want our bunnies bouncing around with upset tummies, do we?

So, remember to offer kale in small portions, along with a variety of other leafy greens and veggies. It’s like a rabbit buffet of flavors and nutrients! 

But every rabbit is different, just like every human has their own favorite snacks. Some bunnies might go wild for kale, while others might be less enthusiastic. Don’t be disappointed if your furry friend turns their nose up at it. 

There are plenty of other greens to try!

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